Tunceli’nin İngilizce Tanıtımı
Tunceli’nin İngilizce Tanıtımı
Area: 7.774 km²
Population: 133.143 (1990)
Traffic Code: 62
Various civilizations had lived in Tunceli region, which is Upper Fırat division of the Eastern Anatolian Region, since first ages. Pertek Castle, which remained from Medieval Age and still in good condition, and Munzur Valley National Park should be seen.
Districts: Tunceli (center), Çemişkezek, Hozat, Mazgirt, Nazımiye, Ovacık, Pertek, Pülümür.
How to Get
Tunceli, is on the state highway connecting to Elazığ at south, and Erzincan and Erzurum at north.
Coaching Station Tel : (+ 90 – 428) 212 48 59
Where to Visit
Pertek Castle at Pertek province, is constructed during Mengüçlüler period. The castle, which is currently under Keban Dam Lake and have an appearnce of an island, is established on a steep rock. Castle, which remained from Seljukians, is repaired during Ottomans. There are lots of castle ruins of Urartu period, in Mazgirt province. These are Malazgirt Castle, Dedebağ, Kaleköyü and Sağman Castles.
Yelmaniye Mosque, Ulukale Mosque, Baysungur Mosque, Çelebi Ali Mosque, Sağman Mosque, Hamidiye Theology School are belong to Ottoman period, and Elihatun Mosque is belong to Akkoyunlu period.
Uzun Hasan and Eltihatun Masuoleums are Akkoyunlu period pieces of arts.
In Caverns at Çemişgezek province belongs to Urartu period, and composes rock architecture sample.
Tunceli, is one of the most rocky places of Eastern Anatolia Region, approximately 3000 meter exceeding mountains and plateaus on them are drawing attention with various plant covers and composes an important potential for plateau tourism.
Munzur Valley National Park
Location: 8km north of Tunceli, in Eastern Anatolia, which is northwest of Elazig and around 100km west of Bingol.
Transport: Tunceli is a large town with good highways, and buses are available from most parts of the province. Th national park is just off the Tunceli-Ovacik road.
Highlights: The geological structure of the Munzur Mountains that rise between the subsidence areas of Karasu and Murat, consists of metamorphic and volcanic sedimentary and rocks. The hilly area, reaching an altitude of 3300m at the north, was broken into pieces by the effects of Mercan and Munzursuyu Valleys. The landscape is interesting for its glacier lakes and small waterfalls.
The hills are covered with oak forests, and at the bottom of the valley are walnut, alder, ash, elm, oak, poplar and willow trees. Animals found here include wolves, foxes, bears, partridges, wild goats, lynx, sables and eagles, whose survival and reproduction is largely thanks to the rich vegetation. The Munzur and Mercan rivers are full of trout.
Facilities: Camping, fishing, trekking and mountaineering are all possible in the park.
Rafting: Munzur, Pülümür and Peri streams, which are flowing within territories of Tunceli, are very appropriate streams for rafting (canoe) sport in connection with both their flows and flow speeds.
Trekking: Munzur Mountain Chains, at north of Ovacık plains, and meşelik hills at south of the province, northeast of the city covering and 3292 meter height reaching Karasu – Aras mountains as well as Bağırpaşa mountains are appropriate for skiing as much as trekking and mountaineering.
Tunceli-Mercan (Munzur) Mountains
Height: 70 m.
Location: This is an extension of the Central Taurus mountains, lying between the Northern Anatolian and the Southeastern Taurus Mountains in the vicinity of Tunceli and Erzincan.
Best time for climbing: Between mid-June and late August.
Characteristic: These limestone mountains have a very broken and jagged appearance. There are numerous lakes and in some places the snow never melts, and coverage of high meadows. The Munzur Valley National Park is located on the Ovacik road.
To reach the peak of Akbaba in the Mercan Mountains, follow Mercan Creek north of the village of Ovacik. Every climber can choose an ascent that matches his level of skill.
General climate of city of Tunceli, is summer hot and dry, winters rainy and cold. Precipitations are generally faced as rain during spring and autumn, and snow during winter months.
Lots of civilizations were dominant at the region, where Tunceli is present today, since first ages. During the course of history, first Anatolian union establishers, Hittites, were penetrated in this region for a long time. Then Med, Persia, Seljukians, Akkoyunlu and Ottomans were reigned here.
Where to Eat
Zerefet (Babiko), Sirekurt, Sirepati, Keşkek, Kavut, Patila can be mentioned as samples for floured meals among highly rich meal culture having Tunceli’s regional meals. Gulik Meal, Mushroom Meal, Döğme Soup, Döğme Pilaf, Gulik Soup, Guriz Meal as well as dried vegetable meals can be listed among the regional unique plant and vegetable meals. Halva, Mulberry Desert, Noah’s pudding, Beetroot desert, marrow desert, Heside (watered Mulberry molasses, flour and butter) as well as baklava are among the traditional regional deserts.
What to Buy
Honey and tulum cheese are the products that could be bought from the region.
Don’t Leave Without
– Visiting historical castles and mosques at Çemişgezek, Pertek and Mazgirt provinces,
– Seeing Munzur National Park,
– Eating trout, breed at Munzur Water,
– Buying regional honey and tulum cheese.
Bir önceki yazımız olan Selülit ve Diyet başlıklı makalemizde hakkında bilgiler verilmektedir.