Erzincan’nın İngilizce Tanıtımı

Erzincan’nın İngilizce Tanıtımı

Area: 11.903 km²

Population: 299.251 (1990)

Traffic Code: 24

Erzincan is located at the upper region of Fırat River in the Eastern Anatolian Region and the city is one of the oldest cultural centers of Anatolia. The city is located on the way of the ancient and historic silk road and had entered under the reign of Hittite, Urartu, Med, Persian, Hellen and Roman civilizations and after the Victory of Malazgirt, the city had entered under the dominance of Turkish and Ottoman States. With the combination of cultural riches and the natural beauties, geography, traditional cuisine and shopping possibilities, the city is like a heaven for touristic activities.

Districts: Erzincan (center), Çayırlı, İliç, Kemah, Kemaliye, Refahiye, Tercan, Üzümlü.


How to Get

Highway: Reaching the bus station is possible via shared taxis and public buses. Coach Station Tel : (+90 – 446) 214 16 03

Railway: Reaching the railway station is possible via shared taxis and public buses. There are daily train journeys between Erzincan and Divriği. Also the eastern Express has every day journeys. Railway Station Tel: (+90 – 446) 214 44 25 – 214 44 26 – 214 18 56

Airway: The distance between the Erzincan Airport and the city center is 7 km. The transportation is possible via taxis. Airport Tel: (+90 – 446) 214 44 25 – 214 18 56

Where to Visit

KemahCastle: The foundation of the Kemah Castle, which is one of the oldest and natural castles of Anatolia, reaches to the period of Hittite – Urartu. The castle was constructed over steep rocks and has two structures, one inside the other and surrounded by ramparts.

ANCIENT CITIES

Altıntepe (Golden hill): This ancient city is 15 km. from the city center, and is at 100 meters south of Erzincan – Erzurum highway. The city is the only and most enduring Urartu city, which was able to survive onto present day. At the scientific excavations and researches in 1959, a temple – palace complex surrounded and protected by two castle walls, one around each other, tombs, residentials and numerous archeological works were discovered.

Among the works belonging to the 8th century B.C discovered in the tumulus, there are ivory and metallic objects, helmets and shields, ceramic objects and wall tiles. The names of the kings were discovered on a bronze object written in cuneiform writing. These high level art works belonging to the most advanced period of Urartu art are exhibited in the Ankara Anatolian Civilizations Museum. The figures and motives of gods, humans and animals hold an important place among the Altıntepe findings. The Altıntepe ruins are composed of temple – palace complex, acceptance hall with pillars, an open air temple, three tombs and a depot building.

RELIGIOUS MONUMENTS

The Terzibaba Mausoleum, Hıdır Abdal Sultan Mausoleum and Melik Gazi Mausoleum in the city are among the historical places worthy to visit. The Gülabibey Mosque in the Kemah District is still in use at the present day.

Mama Hatun Külliyesi: It is located at the Tercan district. Mama Hatun, who was the daughter of Saltukoğulları Monarch İzzettin II, had constructed a large külliye( complex of buildings adjacent to a mosque) in Tercan during the reign of Saltukoğulları State which was composed of caravanserai, bathroom, small mosque and her own mausoleum. This külliye was counted as the most interesting and important creation of Turkish architecture of Mediaeval Era

AbrenkChurch: The date of 1854 was inscribed on the entrance gate of the church located at the vicinity of Üçpınar Village of Tercan district. There is a chapel and two obelisks with the church. These stones had attracted attention with their architecture and decorations and carry epitaphs dated at the period of Seljuk Prince Nasurettin after XII. Century.

PROMENADE

OtlukbeliLake: The most important characteristic of the Otlukbeli Lake is its being unique among the lakes of the world known to mankind until now with the formation and calyx of the lake. The lake is qualified as a natural monument because of this characteristic. Otlukbeli Lake had been announced to be natural preservation field by the decision of the Erzurum Preservation Committee of the Culture and Nature Riches and had been under preservation.

Girlevik Waterfall: The waterfall is located in the Çağlayan Stream which is at 29 km southeast of Erzincan, and is a promenade location famous for its natural chill and beauty. Girlevik Waterfall allows a suitable medium for climbing as Stalactites form in winter season and a chilly water for cooling in summer season and therefore attracts numerous local and foreign tourists to the region.

AygırLake (StallionLake): The lake is located on the Keşiş Mountain, and beside its natural beauty the lake displays the characteristics of being a crater lake.

THERMAL RESORTS

Ekşisu: (Böğert Mineral Water) The Böğert Mineral Water, which is also called Ekşisu (Sour water) is located in a region 11 km. away from the city center and has important aspects for health. The mineral water is good for some particular diseases as anemia, liver diseases, stomach diseases, intestines and galls.

The water of the thermal spring in the vicinity of Ekşisu is 33 0 C. The water of the thermal spring is used for bathing and is known to assist to cure rheumatism, skin diseases, vein toughness and hearth discomforts. The thermal spring is in service with 12 closed pools.

CAVES

GlacierCaves: They are located at the Ayranpınar village of Kemah district. There are large ice blocks and stalactites and stalagmites of ice inside the cave.

AlaCave: The cave is located at the southeast of Kemaliye district and contains galleries and channels.

KöroğluCave: The cave is located at the Altköy locality of Refahiye district and the cave is reached via stone stairs.

SPORTING ACTIVITIES

Akbulut Ski Centers: At the Yıldırım Akbulut Ski Facility, which is located at the Sakaltutan locality, 42 km. away from Erzincan, it is possible to ski throughout the 5 months of a year.

BolkarSkiCenter

ERZİNCAN – Bolkar

Around 40km from Erzincan in North Eastern Anatolia, the Bolkar Ski Resort is in the Bolkar Mountains.

Arrival: From the centre of Erzincan, there are many private and public vehicles to the ski centre. The nearest airport is in Erzurum, around 150km east.

Geography: The season runs between December and April, and the snow is at a depth of up to 1m.

Facilities: The centre has a ski lodge, T-bar and baby-lift. The ski run is around 1.1km long and 200m wide, with a gradient of 20% and is a medium/hard level.

Hunting: City of Erzincan has rich hunting sources and hunting animal varieties. Fox, marten, kınalı keklik (partridge with henna), kum kekliği ( partridge), rabbit, island rabbit, quail, rock dove, üveyik (stock dove), wild ducks, sakarca gooze, kızkuşu , karatavuk (black chicken), wolf, wild boar inhabit the region.

Plateau Hiking: This activity is executed at the

MUSEUMS

ErzincanMuseum: Museum Tel +90-446) 214 80 21

Geography

Erzincan displays the characteristics of terrestrial climate. Erzincan encounters a longer and hotter summer season when compared to the neighboring provinces..

History

Erzincan is located on the ancient and historical Silk Road and inhabited a vigorous historical and cultural liveliness among centuries.

The settlement of Erzincan extends to the Bronze Age and the city had been under the dominance of Urartu, Med, Persian, Hellen, Roman and Byzantine civilizations. After 1071 the city was conquered by Turks and encountered the periods of Mengücek, Seljuk and Eretna. After the war of Oltukbeli in 1473, the city had entered under the reign of Ottomans.

Where to Eat

The regional food varieties are rich in meal types. Most of these meals are pastries. Eşgili, kesme çorba (flour soup) and yaprak sarma (leaf wraps) are the major meal types. Also su böreği and especially kete and desserts are consumed widely.

What to Buy

Among the authentic souvenirs of Erzincan, the hand crafted copper works (samovar, trays, trinkets, wall plates, sugar bowls, vases), carpet weaving could be counted.

It is suggested to buy Erzincan fried roasted chickpeas and Erzincan Tulum Peyniri (Bagpipe cheese) at the shopping in Erzincan.

Don’t Leave Without

– Visiting Altıntepe city ruins,

– Seeing Mama Hatun Caravanserai, Terzi Baba Mausoleum and Kemah Castle,

– Eating trout by the Erzincan Girlevik Waterfall,

– Watching the city view from Esentepe,

– Drinking natural mineral water in Ekşisu promenade field from the spring and swimming in the natural Jacuzzi,

– Buying Erzincan copper hand crafts and Erzincan fried roasted chickpeas and Erzincan Tulum Peyniri (Bagpipe cheese)

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