Çanakkale’nin İngilizce Tanıtımı
Area: 9.737 km²
Population: 432.263 (1990)
Traffic Code: 17
The city, which is the cradle of Trojan, Assos like former civilization centers, and where Gallipoli Peninsula Historical National Park, various martyr, monument and graves are present, the most bloody fights of Çanakkale wars are occurred, and Aegean and Marmara seas are connected and Europe and Asia is met at its coasts has an important place in inland and foreign tourism.
Districts: Çanakkale (center), Ayvacık, Bayramiç, Bozcaada, Biga, Çan, Eceabat, Ezine, Gelibolu, Gökçeada, Lapseki, Yenice.
Gökçeada, one of the biggest of Turkish islands, is surrounded by gulfs. There are holy streams and monasteries at the peaks covered with pine and olive trees with different tones. Scheduled, regular ferry voyages are organized here from Çanakkale and Kabatepe. Gökçeada (Kuzu port), is 32 miles away from Çanakkale according to the followed route, 14 miles to Kabatepe port in Gallipoli peninsula, 33 miles to Bozcaada, 16 miles to a Greek island, Limni in Aegean sea, 14 miles to Semadirek island. It is one of the richest islands of the world in connection with fresh water resources. Diving tours are organized to the bays of the island.
Bozcaada, whose environment is 14 miles, is an important tourism center. The island surrounded by small and large islands around is 15 miles away from Çanakkale Strait, 30 miles away from Limni, 33 miles away from Midilli. Ezine province, Geyikli borough, where transportation is maintained 3.4 miles away from Yükyeri Ferry Port.
There are twelve pieces of paradise like bays, which are Liman Bay, Değirmenler Bay, Poyraz Port, Çanak Port, Çapraz Port, Çanak Port, Kocatarla Port, Lagor Port, Ayana Port, Ayazma Bay, Sulubahçe Bay, Habbeli Bay in the island.
A Venetian castle draw attention when you come close to Bozcaada. The castle, which is used during Venetian, Genovese and Byzantium period, is highly repaired during Fatih Sultan Mehmet period due to the importance of Çanakkale Strait.
Wine of the island is as plenty as water; you will see lots of vineyards and orchards when you have a tour. Windmills at west of the island supply the most of the electricity needs of the island as well as its environs. There are hotels and boarding houses, appropriate for all students for accommodation in the island.
How to Get
Highway: Bus and minibus voyages are organized to the provinces during every hour from coach station at city center.
Coach Station Tel: (+ 90 – 286) 217 10 79 / 5109 – 1248
Railroad: Train gar is at city center and transportation throughout Turkey from gar and from every place of the city to gar via urban minibuses is maintained.
Maritime Lines: There are direct ferry voyages from Çanakkale to Gökçeada. For going to Bozcaada from Çanakkale, you should go to Ezine – Geyikli and then to Yüklük port.
Port Tel: (+ 90 – 286) 814 12 63
Where to Visit
Assos, which is within Ayvacık province, is hosting to the native and foreign tourists during four seasons. Acropolis is 238 m. high from sea level. Athena Temple was constructed at the same place during 6th century B. C. Besides protection of Biga peninsula and Edremit Gulf, this Doric temple has been restored to its former magnificence. You can wait and stay for a while watching moon light on ruins of a temple, or you can awake early in the morning and watch the magnificent image of Edremit Gulf from the upper part of the city while sun is slowly rising. And all of these make one understand why Assos is paradise to be visited for a perfect holiday. There are agoras, a theater and a Gymnasium from hills streching out to the sea. A bridge, a castle and a mosque, constructed during Ottoman Sultan I. Murat during 14th century at the north edge of the Acropolis can be seen. There was a small and sweet port at lower side.
At 25 km. west of Behramkale, in Gülpınar village, Chryse, a historical city, in which Apollo Smintheus Temple constructed during 2nd century B. C., is present. At 15 km. west of Gülpınar, on a road which is lying throughout an unsigned sharp rocks, there is Babakale with cute village houses on the steep of the hill descending to the sea.
Trojan: İntepe Borough, near to Tevfikiye Village, is 30 km. away from Çanakkale, in Hisarlık. Archeological excavations revealed the different time periods of various settlement areas, city ramparts, house basis, a temple and a theater. A symbolic horse made up of wood reminds the big Trojan war. Historical port, Alexandria – Troas was constructed during 3rd century B. C. St. Paul had visited here two times, and his third missioner voyage to Assos was started from here.
Dardanos: It is 11 km. away from Çanakkale, at the coast of Kalabaklı Stream, in Maltepe. This monumental tomb is composed of a corridor, a front chamber and a main tomb chamber. Lots of skeletons, golden jewelries, bronze and baked soil tools, oil – lamps, tear bottles, musical instruments are found within it. There were structures from Archaic, Ionic and Roman periods in the tomb.
Gülpınar: Apollo Smintheus Temple, where first episode of Iliad Epic and where ruins are found at Ayvacık environs, is within Gülpınar. Temple ruins and pices of art revealed from the temple are exhibited within the museum here. In the museum, which is within the region, you can see the scenes on relieves of the temple.
Zeus Altar: Cavern, which is at the upper side of Adatepe Village of Küçükkuyu borough, and whose front side is a cliff, is also known as Zeus’s cavern.
Alexandreia: It is in the Dalyan Village. It is founded instead of a “Sgia” named small village on 310 B. C. length.
Sestos: It is 4 km. away from Eceabat, in Yalova village. It is founded at the south of Akbaş Port. While Fatih Sultan Mehmet was constructing the Kilitbahir Castle, rocks of the Sestos castle had been used.
SultanCastle (Kale – i Sultaniye): It is an important and magnificent monument which gives its name to the city. It was constructed during the mids of the XVth century by Fatih Sultan Mehmet, and was repaired on 1551 during Magnificent Suleyman period.
GallipoliCastle: Castle, known to be established during antic period, was repaired by Byzantium Emperor, Justiniaus I. According to the sayings of Evliya Çelebi, it was 6 edged and constructed by steep and cut rocks.
Kazdağı (Ayazma): Bayramiç province is 5 km. from Evciler village. It is one of the most beautiful recreation areas of our city with its Kazdağı unique long trees, loudly flowing waters and picnic places. At Kazdağı (Ayazma), Annual Traditional Kazdağı Beauty Cotest is organized in August.
1774 m. high Kaz Mountain (Ida Mountain) is at the south end of Çanakkale, near to Kaz Mountain National Park with magnificent panorama, restful green areas and hot water springs. There are lots of possibilities for camping at north entrance, reaching to Kaz Mountain National Park through passing from Bayramiç and Evciler. There are 18th century beautiful Hadimoğulları Mansion (Ottoman house) and an ethnography museum within Bayramiç, 60 km. away from Çanakkale.
Çanakkale – GeliboluPeninsula Historical Park
Location: The Gelibolu Peninsula Historical National Park, with a total area of 33,000 hectares, was founded in 1973 and is on the United Nations list of Parks and Protection Areas. It is in the province of Canakkale, at the southern edge of the Gelibolu Strait, on the European shore of Dardanelles (Canakkale Bogazi).
Transportation: From Edirne and Istanbul, it can be reached from the Tekirdag and Gelibolu highways. From Canakkale, there are ferries to Kilitbahir and Eceabat. There is a small domestic airport in Canakkale.
Highlights: This area is known for the war cemeteries and memorials for the Turkish and foreign soldiers killed during the Canakkale Sea and shore battles in 1915. There are sunken ships, trenches, castles, towers and hundreds of remains of the war. In total, there are graves and memorials of around 250,000 Turkish soldiers, and 250,000 from Australia, New Zealand, England and France. Thousands of people visit the war cemeteries every year, and it is one of the most famous sites in Turkey.
The entire area has been officially registered as a historical site area, and has enormous cultural importance. Within the park, there are also many archaeological sites and monuments, some of which date back to 4000 BC. Between the ancient sites and monuments, there are beaches, bays, an interesting variety of plant life, a salt lake and geological and geomorphologic structures. The thickly wooded hills and valleys of the area are though to have played an important role on the outcome of the war.
Facilities: There is an information centre and museum in Kabatepe, and a Management and Visitors’ Centre in Eceabat. There is no accommodation available, but there are facilities for camping, and also refreshments.
Kestanbol Thermal Resort
Location: 15km south of Ezine, which is around 50km south-west of Canakkale. Transport: The resort is off the Ezine – Ayvacik highway. Ezine and Canakkale are easily accessible by bus.
Water temperature: Ana Spring – 67°C. Ikinci Spring – 47°C. Camur Spring – 68°C. Hamam Spring – 31°C. Goz Suyu Spring – 21°C
pH value: Ana Spring – 5.92
Ikinci Spring – 6.16
Camur Spring – 5.86
Hamam Spring – 6.92
Goz Suyu Spring – 6.94
Physical and chemical properties: The collection of springs contains some or all of the following properties: Hyperthermal, hypertonic, radioactive, chlorine, sodium, iron, calcium.
Recommended Applications: Bathing, mud treatments, inhalation and showers.
Helps to heal: Chronic gynaecological infections, rheumatism, pinched sciatic nerve, calcium deposits, some types of bone tuberculosis, swollen lymph nodes in small children, upper respiratory asthmatic syndrome. Showers can act as an antibiotic for upper respiratory problems and other lung disorders.
Accommodation: Lodging facility – 100 beds.
CANAKKALE & PROVINCE
Saros is a favourite spot for divers due to its proximity to Istanbul, and is full of submerged ruins like Captain Franco, which lies at the entrance of Canakkale Strait in Saros bay. Underwater fauna includes black fauna.
Gokceada and Bozcaada
Because there are no diving schools in Gokceada, the surrounding towns must be used instead. There are submerged ruins from World War I in Kuzu Harbour, and many huge anchors and wrecks of ships between the Mermer Lighthouse and the Anatolian coast. Around these waters are the islands of Orfoz, Karayer and Essek, which are home to a huge range of sea creatures. Canak harbour, Bakla Tasi, Pinar Dere Mermer Cape, and the south of Tuz cape are good points for diving. There is a diving school in Bozcaada, with good tourist facilities, and its waters have interesting plant life and sea creatures.
ÇANAKKALE FOREST CAMPS
Kabatepe Forest Camp
Location: Gelibolu Yarimadasi National Park, Eceabat
Facilities: Bathrooms, toilets, showers, food stand, water and electricity
Open: 1 June-31 October
Tel: (0286) 814 10 25
Fax: (0286) 814 17 30
Çanakkale Youth Camps
Çanakkale – Güzelyalı Youth Camp
Camp Tel: (+90-286) 232 84 78 / 232 80 16
Administrative Office Tel: (+90-286) 217 11 78/217 15 57
Administrative Office Fax:: (+90-286) 217 60 27
There are 30 rooms with 2 or 3 beds, a bathroom and a toilet in each room. There is a tennis court as well as an indoor sports court for basketball and volleyball.
Distance from provincial headquarters to camp: 20 km. (15-20 minutes)
Çanakkale Museum: Museum studies in Çanakkale was started in 1936 with storing to an old Church building at Zafer Square the ancient remnants collected from the region. Then this building was arranged and turned into a directorate, and opened for visitors in 1960. In 1984, it began to serve at 5 separate halls in the new museum building, constructed on Atatürk Caddesi.
Museum Tel : (+90-286) 217 32 52
In Çanakkale city, a transition climate of Mediterranean and Black Sea climates is dominant. Rains generally fall during spring and winter months. During tourism season, climate is moderate, and sea water temperature reaches to its maximum during July and August.
Çanakkale, which holds the lands at both sides of the strait and known as Hellespontos and Dardanel during ancient times, always experienced the settlements of civilizations from the first ages of time. Initial city civilization was founded in Troja in 3000 B. C., and continued since 2500 B. C. Then it had been reigned by Lydians, Persians, Bergama Kingdom, Romans, Byzantium and Ottoman Empires.
Where to Eat
Çanakkale and its provinces, which have coasts to sea at every side, are places with a wide variety of sea food. It is possible to find fresh fish and sea food during every season. Gökçeada and Bozcaada grapes and wines ,of the grapes cultivated here, produced with traditional methods, should be tasted.
What to Buy
Don’t return without buying ancient handicrafts, ceramic pots and calyxes, and wines produced in Bozcaada and Gökçeada.
Don’t Leave Without
– Seeing Gallipoli and visiting Martyrs,
– Visiting Kaz Mountain,
– Watching sun set at Assos and seeing visual arts festival,
– Visiting Troja, and climbing to wooden horse,
– Tasting Bozcaada wines,
– Diving at bays of Gökçeada
Bir önceki yazımız olan Selülit ve Diyet başlıklı makalemizde hakkında bilgiler verilmektedir.