Ankara’nın İngilizce Tanıtımı 3

Yazar : Helper
Tarih : 27 Haziran 2009
5.716 kez okunmuş.

Ankara’nın İngilizce Tanıtımı 3

SPORTING ACTIVITIES

Bird Watching

Good places in the area for birdwatching are: Col Golu, Mogan Golu, Kizilcahamam Ormanlari, Kavakli Dagi, Inozu Vadisi and Sariyar Baraji, Beynam Ormani and Tuz Golu.

Sakarya Basin

Çöl Lake
City: Ankara
Provinces: Bala, Haymana
Surface Area : 4700
Altitude : 1045 m
Protection: N/A

Bird Species: Büyük cılıbıt is reproducing within the region. Huge numbers of water birds (max. 76.154), including sakarca (max. 14.000), angıt (max. 6847) and çamurcun (max. 10.486) winters in the lake (data before 1989.) Flamingo (max. 5500), dikkuyruk (max.27) and uzunbacak (max. 1000) can generally seen in the lake during the period after reproduction. There are yeşilbaş, uzunbacak, kılıçgaga, akça cılıbıt and kız kuşu among the other birds reproducing within the region.

Main Characteristics: salty lake, swamp

Mogan Lake

City: Ankara
Provinces: Gölbaşı
Surface Area : 1500
Altitude: 973 m
Protection: Yes

Bird Species: It gains important bird areas status with reproducing populations of alaca balıkçıl (30 pairs), Macar Ördeği (50 pairs), pasbaş patka (10 pairs) and dikkuyruk (2 pairs). At the end of autumn and before spring, huge numbers of water birds (max. 78.590), including Macar ördeği (max. 673), pasbaş patka (max.200) and sakarmeke (max. 70.100) can be observed.

Main Characteristics: sweet water lake, swamp

Kızılcahamam Forests

City: Ankara
Provinces: Çamlıdere, Kızılcahamam
Surface Area : 9500
Altitude : 900 – 1849 m
Protection: partially

Bird Species: It gains important bird areas status with reproducing populations of kara leylek (5 pairs), sakallı akbaba (2 pairs), küçük akbaba (15 pairs), kızıl akbaba (2 pairs), kara akbaba (most of them are areproducing within National Park, 6 pairs) and küçük kartalın (3 pairs). At the south of Kızılcahamam, huge numbers of vultures and storks can be seen around a slaughterhouse at the coast of Kırmır Stream.

Main Characteristics: forest, mountain

Kavaklı Mountain

City: Ankara, Bolu
Provinces: Güdül, Dörtdivan
Surface Area : 8100
Altitude : 1000 -1983 m
Protection: Yes

Bird Species: It gains important bird areas status with kara akbaba (5 pairs) population.

Main Characteristics: mountain, forest

İnözü Valley

City: Ankara
Provinces: Beypazarı
Surface Area: 50
Altitude : 675 – 750 m
Protection: N/A

Bird Species: It gains important bird areas status due to kara leylek (5 pairs) and bıyıklı doğan (1 pair) populations.

Main Characteristics: rocky mountains, valley

Sarıyar Dam

City: Ankara, Eskişehir
Provinces: Beypazarı, Nallıhan, Mihalıççık
Surface Area : 8400
Altitude: 475 m
Protection: partially

Bird Species: Among the important species, breeding within the region, gece balıkçılı (120 pairs), which nests on the rocky mountains at south coast as well as kara leylek (20 pairs), which nest at rocky mountains, küçük akbaba (10 pairs) and bıyıklı doğan (1 pairs) can be mentioned. “Nallıhan Kuşcenneti” is an important shelter point during immigration for numerous leylek (max. 11.300) and angıt (max. 2400).

Main Characteristics: dam lake, rocky mountains

Kızılırmak Basin

Beynam Forest

City: Ankara
Provinces: Gölbaşı
Surface Area : 2100
Altitude : 1200 – 1521 m
Protection: Yes

Bird Species: It gains important bird areas status with breeding two pairs of şah kartal.

Main Characteristics: forest

Winter Sports

Located 20km from Ankara, with an altitude between 1500 and 1850m, the Elmadag Ski Centre is ski centre has a 10-room hotel, chalets, a ski lift, restaurant and bar. The ski seasons runs from January to March. Ankara also has two ice-skating rinks; at Bahcelievler in Sondurak, and in Kurtulus Park.

Elmadağ

The Elmadag Ski Resort, which is on the northern slopes of Elmadag mountain range, is a few kilometres south-east of the centre of Ankara, which has made it more popular.

Arrival: At just 18km from the city, and close to the airport, there are many private vehicles going to the resort.

Geography: The resort is on the northern slopes of Elmadag between the altitudes of 1500-1850m. The area is treeless and covered with alpine meadows. The season runs between January and March, with a terrestrial climate, and snow thickness between 30-60cm.

Facilities: There are government-owned ski lodges, plus two restaurants, an indoor swimming pool, sauna, disco and restaurants. The T-bar has a 548m route, and the ski run is at an easy/medium level.

Hunting

Foreigners can only hunt in parties organised by Turkish travel agencies which have been authorised by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. These agencies provide all information concerning seasons, authorised zones, permits, weapons and ammunition. A list of agencies can be obtained from the Union of Travel Agencies (TURSAB).

For more information, contact: – Forest Ministry, National Parks and Wildlife General Directorate, Gazi Tesisleri No 11, Gazi, Ankara.

Tel: (312) 221 1769/212 6300. Fax: 222 5140.

- Youth and Sport General Directorate, Hunting and Marksman Federation

Ulus Ishani A Blok 4 Kat No 404, Ulus, Ankara.

Tel: (312) 310 6160/310 3960. Fax: 310 6160.

The province of Ankara has a wide variety of wild game, the most important of which are partridge, hazel grouse, rabbit, ducks and geese. In the forests of Nallihan, Beypazari, Kizilcahamam, Camlidere, Cubuk and Gudul, there are bears, lynx, wild hogs and deer.

Fishing

Fishing in the Ankara province can be divided into four different categories: rivers, dams, lakes and ponds. For river fishing there are the Kizilirmak, Sakarya and Kimir rivers and their tributaries. Lake fishing is done at Lake Mogan, Lake Eymir and Lake Karagol. There are also a number of dams in the province for excellent fishing.

Youth Tourism

Having the great majority of her population being composed of young people,Turkey embodies camp centers and facilities enabling the young people living in abroad and in country the opportunity to enjoy an easily acquired holiday.

- TUREM – The Tourism Training Centers of The Ministry of Culture and Tourism
- Forest Camps of The Forest Ministry
- Youth Camps Sponsored By The Youth and Sports Administration
- The Higher Education Housing and Loan Association
- Hostels
- Transportation Services For Students
- International Cards and Agencies Which Provide Them
- Institutions Which Sponsor Youth Activities

Geography

Climate
Ankara is surrounded by the provinces of Kirsehir and Kirikkale on the east, Eskisehir to the west, Cankiri to the north, Bolu to the northwest and Konya and Aksaray to the south. The province of Ankara is an area covered with the plains that have been formed by the Kizilirmak and Sakarya rivers located in the northwestern part of Central Anatolia. This area is made up of both forests and arid plains.

Vegetation is limited to that normally found in the steppes, and trees are practically non-existent. Thorny plants are the most commonly seen but there are Russian olives, willows and poplar trees growing wherever there is water, and these trees are an important part of steppe vegetation. The plateau surrounding Ankara is characterized by isolated mountains and as one moves north, with the increase in annual rainfall, the barrenness of the steppe starts to give way to more lush vegetation.

The climate varies within this larger province. While the southern part of the province has a climate characteristic of the steppe, in the north the temperate and rainy conditions of the Black Sea make themselves felt. In this area where the hot summers and cold winters characteristic of a continental climate prevail, the hottest months are July-August and the coldest month is January.

History

The capital of the Turkish Republic, Ankara, was founded almost in the middle of Central Anatolia. Due to its central location, the export of cloth made from the hair of the famous Angora goats turned Ankara into a major stop on the caravan route, and an important business centre especially during the Selcuk and Ottoman eras, in the city once named Angyra. The Galatians were the first used it as a capital city. Although it is known to have been a small settlement during the Hittite period, no artifacts belonging to this period have been found. Excavations conducted in many of the local burial mounds have turned up Phrygian artifacts. After the Phyrgians, the city was occupied respectively by the Persians, Alexander the Great, and the Galatians. In 25 BC, the Emperor Augustus annexed the city and its Galatians kingdom. In the 4th century AD, there was a surge in Christianity in this region, where Saint Paul is said to have started the church. The 7th and 8th centuries saw the rise of Islam, and the city suffered many raids by the Persians and Arabs. The outer walls of the castle were built during this time. Between 871-893, Turks and Crusaders took turns occupying the city but in 1127 AD the city was brought under the domination of the Turks and given the name Enguriye. In 1402 as a result of the battle between Yildirim Beyazit and Tamerlane, the city was briefly in the hands of the Mongols. In 1414, however, it came under the rule of the Ottomans. During the war of independence in 1920, Ankara was chosen as a military base and in 1923 was declared the capital by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, due to geographic, strategic and political considerations as well its role in the War of Independence. The foundations of the modern city were then laid, by bringing in city planners from Europe.

What to Eat

The cuisine of Old Ankara displays much of the home-cooked food of the Turks, with the oven and tandoor, and cellars for winter supplies. There is a wide variety of dishes in Ankara: Soups such as as dutmac, keskek, miyane, sutlu, tarhana and toyga. Meat dishes include Ankara tavasi, alabortme, calla, coban kavurmasi, iliskik, kapama, orman kebabi, patlicanli et, sizgic, siyel and siper. To accompany, there is a wide variety of pilaf (rice dishes) such as bici, wheat pilaf, ogmac asi and pit pit pilaf. There are also stuffed dishes like efelek dolmasi, manti, sirden dolmasi (humbar) and yalanci dolma. The pastries of Turkey are delicious, and include alt-ust boregi, ay boregi, bohca, entekke boregi, hamman, kaha, kol boregi, papac, Pazar boregi, tandir boregi.

What to Buy

Ankara’s shopping centres are clustered around Ulus, Kizilay and Kavaklidere. One popular place for visitors is the Cikrikcilar Yokusu and its shops, near Ulus. Around the castle in Ulus, in the area of Cikrikcilar Yokusu and Samanpazari, there are shops which sell traditional handicrafts such as textiles, copper, ceramics, wickerwork and leather, as well as a variety of jewellery, decorations, gift items and all types of antiques.

In the Bakircilar Market, there is a wide selection of goods on offer like souvenirs, antiques and clothes as well as copperware and jewellery. At the end of the ascent to the castle is a small bazaar with stands selling spices, dried fruit and nuts and other products.

Most of the modern shopping centres are in Kizilay, Tunali Hilmi Street and at Atakule in Cankaya. The 125m Atakule dominates the city landscape and from the revolving restaurant there is a breathtaking view of Ankara. The most elite department stores in Turkey are in the Karum Mall in Kavaklidere, as well as top restaurants.

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